Sample 1: “Asserting Rights, Reclaiming Space: District of Marshpee v. Phineas Fish, 1833-1843”
From May of 1833 to March of 1834, the Mashpee Wampancag tribe of Cape Cod Massachusetts waged an aggressive campaign to gain political and religious autonomy through the state. In March of 1834, custom writings net the Massachusetts legislature passed an act disbanding the white guardians appointed to conduct affairs for the Mashpee tribe and incorporated Mashpee as an Indian district. The Mashpee tribe’s fight to displace self-government and control of land and resources represents an important “recover of Native space.” Equally significant is what happened once that space was recovered.
The main topics this paper addresses an understudied and period that is essential the annals for the Mashpee Wampanoag tribe. Despite a growing body of literature in the Mashpee, scholars largely neglect the time between 1834 and 1869. This paper looks once the Mashpee tribe’s campaign to dismiss Harvard appointed minister Phineas Fish; the battle to regain the parsonage he occupied, its resources, therefore the community meetinghouse. This paper will argue the tribe asserted its power in the political and landscape that is physical reclaim their meetinghouse additionally the parsonage land. Ultimately, this assertion contributed to shaping, strengthening, and remaking Mashpee community identity. This research examines legislative reports, petitions, letters, and legal documents to create a narrative of Native agency when you look at the antebellum period. Note: This is a component of my larger thesis project (in progress0 “Mashpee Wampanoag Government Formation therefore the Evolving Community Identity into the District of Marshpee, 1834-1849.”
Sample 2: “Private Paths to Public Places: Local Actors while the development of National Parklands within the American South”
This paper explores the connections between private individuals, government entities, and organizations that are non-governmental the development of parklands for the American South. An investigation of parklands in the Southern United States reveals a reoccurring connection between private initiative and park creation while current historiography primarily credits the federal government with the creation of parks and protection of natural wonders. Secondary literature occasionally reflects the importance of local and non-government sources when it comes to preservation of land, yet these works still emphasize the necessity of a bureaucracy that is national the tone fore the parks movement. Some works, including Jacoby’s Crimes Against Nature examine local actors, but concentrate on opposition towards the imposition of the latest rules governing land in the face of some threat that is outside. In spite of scholarly recognition of non-government agencies and local initiative, the necessity of local individuals into the creation of parklands remains and understudies aspect of American environmental history. Several examples in the American South raise concerns in regards to the traditional narrative pitting governmental hegemony against local resistance. This paper argues for widespread, sustained curiosity about both nature preservation plus in creating spaces for public recreation in the local level, and finds that the “private path to public parks” merits further investigation.
Note: This paper, entitled “Private Paths to Public Parks in the American South” was subsequently selected for publication into the NC State Graduate Journal of History.
Sample 3: Untitled
Previous generations of English Historians have produced an abundant literature about the Levellers and their role into the English Civil Wars (1642-1649), primarily focused on the Putney Debates and their contributions to Anglophone legal and political thought. Typically, their push to extend the franchise and espousal of a theory of popular sovereignty has been central to accounts of Civil War radicalism. Other revisionist accounts depict them as a fragmented sect of millenarian radicals whose religious bent marginalized and possibility that they might make lasting contributions to English politics or society. This paper seeks to discover a Leveller theory of religious toleration, while explaining how their conception of political activity overlapped their ideas that are religious. In place of centering on John Lilburne, often taken while the public face of this Leveller movement, this paper will focus on the equally interesting and far more consistent thinker, William Walwyn. Surveying his personal background, published writings, popular involvement in the Leveller movement, and attacks launched by his critics, i am hoping to declare that Walwyn’s unique contribution to Anglophone political thought was his defense of religious pluralism in the face of violent sectarians who sought to wield control of the Church of England. Although the Levellers were ultimately suppressed, Walwyn’s dedication to a society that is tolerant a secular state shouldn’t be minimized but instead thought to be part of a bigger debate about Church-State relations across early modern Europe. Ultimately this paper aims to subscribe to the rich historiography of religious toleration and popular politics more broadly.
Sample 4: “Establishing a National Memory of Citizen Slaughter: A Case Study associated with the First Memory Site to Mass Murder in United States History – Edmond, Oklahoma, 1986-1989”
Since 1989, memory sites to events of mass murder never have only proliferated rapidly–they have grown to be the expectation that is normative American society. For the vast majority of American history, however, events commonly defined as “mass murder” have led to no memory that is permanent while the sites of perpetration themselves have traditionally been either obliterated or rectified so that both the city while the nation could your investment tragedy and move ahead. This all changed on May 29, 1989 when the community of Edmond, Oklahoma officially dedicated the “Golden Ribbon” memorial into the thirteen people killed in the infamous “post office shooting” of 1986. In this paper I investigate the situation of Edmond in order to understand why it became the first memory site of this kind in United States history. I argue that the small town of Edmond’s unique political abnormalities on the day associated with shooting, in conjunction with the total that is near involvement established ideal conditions when it comes to emergence of the unique type of memory site. I also conduct a historiography associated with the use of “the ribbon” to be able to illustrate how this has get to be the symbol of memories of violence and death in American society within the late century that is 20th. Lastly, I illustrate the way the lack that is notable of between people active in the Edmond and Oklahoma City cases after the 1995 Murrah Federal Building bombing–despite the close geographic and temporal proximity of those cases–illustrates this routinely isolated nature of commemorating mass murder and starkly renders the surprising wide range of aesthetic similarities that these memory sites share.
Sample 5: “Roman Urns and Sarcophagi: The Quest for Postmortem Identity throughout the Pax Romana”
“should you want to know who I am, the answer is ash and burnt embers;” thus read an anonymous early Roman’s burial inscription. The Romans dealt with death in a variety of ways which incorporated a range of cultural conventions and beliefs–or non-beliefs as with the full case associated with “ash and embers.” Because of the turn associated with first century with this era, the Romans practiced cremation almost exclusively–as the laconic eloquence of this anonymous Roman also succinctly explained. Cremation vanished by the third century, replaced by the practice regarding the distant past by the century that is fifth. Burial first started initially to take hold within the western Roman Empire during the early second century, using the appearance of finely-crafted sarcophagi, but elites from the Roman world failed to talk about the practices of cremation and burial in detail. Therefore archaeological evidence, primarily in as a type of burial vessels such as for example urns and sarcophagi represented truly the only destination to turn to investigate the transitional to inhumation in the world that is roman. This paper analyzed a little corpus of such vessels to be able to identify symbolic elements which demarcate individual identities in death, comparing the patterns of the symbols to the fragments of text available associated with death in the world that is roman. The analysis concluded that the transition to inhumantion was a movement due to a heightened desire on the section of Romans to preserve identity in death during and after the Pax Romana.